Background: Pregnancy hormonal milieu represents a crucial determinant of fetal outcome. We aim to determine 17β-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (PGT) concentrations in spontaneous pregnancies during the first trimester. In addition, we aim to determine E2 concentrations as a function of gestational age (GA) and PGT. Methods: Between November 2015 and March 2017, 104 healthy women of at least 18 years undergoing medical consultation for voluntary interruption of pregnancy were enrolled in an observational study at University Hospital ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Milan, Italy. Only singleton pregnancies between 5+0 and 13+6 weeks of gestation were eligible. First trimester ultrasound scans were performed for dating and one fasting venous blood sample was collected for E2 and PGT determinations. Results: E2 and PGT concentrations steadily increased according to GA. The correlation between E2 on a logarithmic scale and PGT concentrations was expressed by the following equation, explaining 12.6% of E2 variance: logE2 = 2.57 + 0.1 × PGT, (r = 0.34, p < 0.001). By performing a multivariable linear regression analysis adjusted for variables significantly correlated with E2 concentrations, we obtained a model explaining the 53.5% of E2 variance. The final equation to determine E2 concentrations among Caucasian women was: logE2 = 1.96 + 0.01 × GA + 0.004 × PGT. Conclusions: Gestational week-specific reference intervals are reported for maternal E2 and PGT concentrations during early pregnancy, further providing a model for E2 assessment in this period. This will represent a starting point for further evaluations between twin and ART pregnancies, as well as to potentially improve pregnancy outcome and future health of the offspring.

Maternal estradiol and progesterone concentrations among singleton spontaneous pregnancies during the first trimester / E. Grossi, F. Parisi, P. Duca, V.M. Savasi. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - (2018 Oct 15). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s40618-018-0961-6]

Maternal estradiol and progesterone concentrations among singleton spontaneous pregnancies during the first trimester

E. Grossi
;
P. Duca;V.M. Savasi
2018-10-15

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy hormonal milieu represents a crucial determinant of fetal outcome. We aim to determine 17β-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (PGT) concentrations in spontaneous pregnancies during the first trimester. In addition, we aim to determine E2 concentrations as a function of gestational age (GA) and PGT. Methods: Between November 2015 and March 2017, 104 healthy women of at least 18 years undergoing medical consultation for voluntary interruption of pregnancy were enrolled in an observational study at University Hospital ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Milan, Italy. Only singleton pregnancies between 5+0 and 13+6 weeks of gestation were eligible. First trimester ultrasound scans were performed for dating and one fasting venous blood sample was collected for E2 and PGT determinations. Results: E2 and PGT concentrations steadily increased according to GA. The correlation between E2 on a logarithmic scale and PGT concentrations was expressed by the following equation, explaining 12.6% of E2 variance: logE2 = 2.57 + 0.1 × PGT, (r = 0.34, p < 0.001). By performing a multivariable linear regression analysis adjusted for variables significantly correlated with E2 concentrations, we obtained a model explaining the 53.5% of E2 variance. The final equation to determine E2 concentrations among Caucasian women was: logE2 = 1.96 + 0.01 × GA + 0.004 × PGT. Conclusions: Gestational week-specific reference intervals are reported for maternal E2 and PGT concentrations during early pregnancy, further providing a model for E2 assessment in this period. This will represent a starting point for further evaluations between twin and ART pregnancies, as well as to potentially improve pregnancy outcome and future health of the offspring.
Early pregnancy; Estrogen; Pregnancy outcome; Progesterone; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Endocrinology
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
15-ott-2018
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Grossi2018_Article_MaternalEstradiolAndProgestero.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 823.95 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
823.95 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/627269
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact