This study aims to produce a terminological analysis of the discourse of medically assisted death in Western culture(s) (Plonk / Arnold in 2005, Ngo-Metzger 2008, Sleeman 2013), to answer the questions: a) how does its linguistic representation in the media compare with that offered at the institutional and professional levels? and b) how is that achieved terminologically across domains of specialisation? A corpus of texts on medically-assisted death from the English speaking media was collected and qualitatively and quantitatively interpreted, combining Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough 2003) for the socially relevant issues that the topic addresses, and specific insights gathered from Medical Discourse Analysis (Gotti / Salager-Meyer 2006) and Medical Terminology (Hui et al. 2014). As regards research question 1, it was found that all the terms are used similarly by the media, institutions and professionals considered. The only exception seems to be the term EUTHANASIA, which appears to be the most used when dealing with the (potential) legislation and the political debate on end of life options. Concerning research question 2, the analysis highlighted terminology pertaining to various domains: medicine, law, politics, economics, religion / philosophy. While the presence of terms from the first three was expected, the interpretation focused on the last two domains, which seem particularly significant from a CDA perspective concerned with ideology and power. References and select bibliography Bok, S. / Dworkin, G. / Frey, R. 1998. Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: For and Against. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Dowbiggin, I. 2005. A Concise History of Euthanasia. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield. Fairclough, N. 2003. Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research. London, New York: Routledge. Garzone, G. 2006. Perspectives on ESP and popularisation. Milan: CUEM. Garzone, G. / Sarangi, S. (eds) 2007. Discourse ideology and specialised communication. Bern: Peter Lang. Grego, K. 2017. From euthanasia to end-of-life issues. Changing names for changing concepts, First international conference on historical medical discourse CHIMED-1, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, 14-16 June 2017. Hui, D. et al. 2014. Concepts and definitions for "actively dying," "end of life," "terminally ill," "terminal care," and "transition of care": a systematic review. Journal of pain and Symptom Management, 47, 1: 77-89. Kemp, N.D.A. 2002. Merciful Release: The History of the British Euthanasia Movement. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Lewis, P. 2015. Assisted dying: What does the law in different countries say? BBC.com, 6 October 2015. Manning, M. 1998. Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: Killing or Caring? Mawah: Pauline Press. Ngo-Metzger, Q. et al. 2008. End-of-Life Care: Guidelines for Patient-Centered Communication. American Family Physician, 77, 2: 167-174. Plonk, M. / Arnold, R. 2005. Terminal Care: the last weeks of life. J Palliat Med, 5, 8: 1042-1054. Post, S.G. 2004. Encyclopedia of bioethics, 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan. Gotti, M. / Salager-Meyer, F. (eds) 2006. Advances in Medical Discourse Analysis: Oral and Written Contexts. Peter Lang: Bern. Scott, M. 2012. WordSmith Tools 6.0. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Sleeman, K.E. 2013. End-of-life communication: let’s talk about death. J R Coll Physicians Edinb, 43: 197-9. Talbot, M. 2012. Bioethics. An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ten Have, H. 2016. Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. Cham: Springer International Publishing. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Division of Ethics of Science and Technology, Social and Human Science Sector (UNESCO). 2016. Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. Paris: Unesco. van der Heide, A. et al. 2003. End-of-life decision-making in six European countries: descriptive study. The Lancet, 362: 345-350. Vicentini, A., Grego, K. 2017. Medical web encyclopaedias: Linguistic aspects and ethical implications, Expressio, 1, 1. Vicentini A., Grego, K. S., Russo, D. 2013. The Pro.Bio.Dic. (Prototype of a Bioethics Dictionary) project: building a corpus of popular and specialized bioethics texts. “JAHR: Annual of the Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities”, special issue on The language of medicine – from its genesis to the culture and ethics of communication, ed. by A. Gjuran-Coha, A. Krišković. Rijeka: Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities, University of Rijeka, School of Medicine, Croatia, 4, 7: 339-354. Vicentini, A., Grego, K., Berti, B., Bellini, P., Orizio, G. 2012. Intercultural and ideological issues in lexicography: a prototype of a bioethics dictionary. In Facchinetti R. (ed.), English dictionaries as cultural mines. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 247-266.
|Titolo:||Terminal terminology : the lexicon of medically assisted death across domains of specialisation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2017|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore L-LIN/12 - Lingua e Traduzione - Lingua Inglese|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||Norwegian School of Economics|
|Citazione:||Terminal terminology : the lexicon of medically assisted death across domains of specialisation / K. Grego, A. Vicentini. ((Intervento presentato al 21. convegno Interdisciplinary knowledge-making: challenges for LSP research tenutosi a Bergen nel 2017.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|