Lipid composition of membranes is fundamental to modulate signaling pathways relying on lipid metabolites and/or membrane proteins, thus resulting in the regulation of important cell processes such as apoptosis. In this case, membrane remodeling is an early event important for the activation of signaling leading to cell death and removal of apoptotic cells. In the present study, we analyzed phospholipid, cholesterol and fatty acid content during apoptosis induced by manganese in PC12 cells. Lipid analysis of whole cells and detergent-resistant membranes was carried out by HPLC/GC. Results showed that apoptosis is associated with changes in lipid composition detectable in whole cell extracts, namely cholesterol, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine decreases. Noteworthy, phosphatidylserine level reduction was detectable before to the detection of apoptosis, in correlation with our previous study carried out by radioactive labelling. By contrast, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine changes were not detected in detergent resistant membranes, which instead showed an altered composition in phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin in apoptotic cells.
Changes in lipid composition during manganese-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells / P.A. Corsetto, G. Ferrara, S. Buratta, L. Urbanelli, G. Montorfano, A. Gambelunghe, E. Chiaradia, A. Magini, P. Roderi, I. Colombo, A.M. Rizzo, C. Emiliani. - In: NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0364-3190. - 41:1-2(2016 Feb), pp. 258-269.
|Titolo:||Changes in lipid composition during manganese-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells|
CORSETTO, PAOLA ANTONIA (Primo)
RIZZO, ANGELA MARIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||apoptosis; detergent-resistant membranes; manganese; PC12 cells; phosphatidylserine; phospholipid composition|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2016|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||16-dic-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11064-015-1785-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|