The in vitro responses of rat urinary bladder, to substance P and capsaicin were studied at 1, 4, 16, and 26 weeks of diabetes induction by streptozotocin. We also studied the role of epithelium in these responses. The results were compared with those obtained in age-matched control rats. The bladder contractile response to exogenous substance P was similar in both groups at all stages (1-26 weeks) studied, whereas the bladder response to capsaicin gradually decreased with the progression of diabetes. Atropine did not inhibit these responses whereas indomethacin slightly reduced substance P- but not capsaicin-induced responses in control and diabetic rats. The removal of epithelium slightly increased the substance P- and capsaicin-induced responses in control tissue; these responses were significantly reduced in tissue excised from diabetic rats. Our results indicate that, in rat urinary bladder, diabetes (1) provokes an impairment of capsaicin-sensitive sensory fibers but not of the cholinergic system even at an early stage (4 weeks) of the disease, (2) has no effect on the sensitivity of smooth muscle cells to substance P, (3) stimulates the release of epithelial contracting factors, partially non-prostanoic. Furthermore epithelium removal impairs acetylcholine-induced contraction in bladder excised from diabetic rats but not in controls.
Effect of substance P and capsaicin on urinary bladder of diabetic rats and the role of the epithelium / C. Pinna, C. Bolego, L. Puglisi. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 271:1(1994), pp. 151-158.
|Titolo:||Effect of substance P and capsaicin on urinary bladder of diabetic rats and the role of the epithelium|
PINNA, CHRISTIAN (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||capsaicin ; substance P ; urinary bladder ; diabetes|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-2999(94)90275-5|
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