The distal splenorenal shunt (DSRS) was compared with the side-t-side portacaval shunt (PCS) in 93 prospectively matched cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension. After a mean follow-up of 38 months, no differences were observed in operative mortality, long term survival and variceal rebleeding between the two groups. There was no significant difference in terms of acute encephalopathy (22% in PCS group and 33% in DSRS group) and chronic encephalopathy (35% in PCS and 17% in DSRS). However, the only cases of severe and disabling chronic encephalopathy (CE) arose after PCS (p = 0.049). Actuarial curves of CE showed that the maximum rate of this complication (18%) in the DSRS group was reached 27 months after shunt surgery, whereas this value was reached and passed in PCS group only 4 months after shunt. CE occurred for a total duration of 20.1 months after PCS and only 11.1 months after DSRS (p = 0.003) and occupied 46.3% of the follow-up of PCS patients in contrast to 18.7% of the follow-up of DSRS patients (p = 0.001). DSRS is associated with a lower global incidence of CE without severe forms and provides a better quality of life than does a nonselective shunt.
|Titolo:||[Clinical results of selective distal splenorenal and latero-lateral portacaval anastomoses. Comparative prospective study of 93 patients]|
|Parole Chiave:||Portacaval Shunt, Surgical; Hepatic Encephalopathy; Prospective Studies; Humans; Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage; Esophageal and Gastric Varices; Middle Aged; Liver Cirrhosis; Splenorenal Shunt, Surgical; Male; Female|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|