Tight control of p63 protein levels must be achieved under differentiation or apoptotic conditions. Here, we describe a new regulatory pathway for the DeltaNp63alpha protein. We found that MDM2 binds DeltaNp63alpha in the nucleus promoting its translocation to the cytoplasm. The MDM2 nuclear localization signal is required for DeltaNp63alpha nuclear export and subsequent degradation, whereas the MDM2 ring-finger domain is dispensable. Once exported to the cytoplasm by MDM2, p63 is targeted for degradation by the Fbw7 E3-ubiquitin ligase. Efficient degradation of DeltaNp63alpha by Fbw7 (also known as FBXW7) requires GSK3 kinase activity. By deletion and point mutations analysis we have identified a phosphodegron located in the alpha and beta tail of p63 that is required for degradation. Furthermore, we show that MDM2 or Fbw7 depletion inhibits degradation of endogenous DeltaNp63alpha in cells exposed to UV irradiation, adriamycin and upon keratinocyte differentiation. Our findings suggest that following DNA damage and cellular differentiation MDM2 and Fbw7 can cooperate to regulate the levels of the pro-proliferative DeltaNp63alpha protein.

MDM2 and Fbw7 cooperate to induce p63 protein degradation following DNA damage and cell differentiation / F. Galli, M. Rossi, Y. D'Alessandra, M. De Simone, T. Lopardo, Y. Haupt, O. Alsheich Bartok, S. Anzi, E. Shaulian, V. Calabrò, G. La Mantia, L.F. Guerrini. - In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9533. - 123:14(2010 Jul 15), pp. 2423-2433. [10.1242/jcs.061010]

MDM2 and Fbw7 cooperate to induce p63 protein degradation following DNA damage and cell differentiation

F. Galli;M. De Simone;T. Lopardo;L.F. Guerrini
2010-07-15

Abstract

Tight control of p63 protein levels must be achieved under differentiation or apoptotic conditions. Here, we describe a new regulatory pathway for the DeltaNp63alpha protein. We found that MDM2 binds DeltaNp63alpha in the nucleus promoting its translocation to the cytoplasm. The MDM2 nuclear localization signal is required for DeltaNp63alpha nuclear export and subsequent degradation, whereas the MDM2 ring-finger domain is dispensable. Once exported to the cytoplasm by MDM2, p63 is targeted for degradation by the Fbw7 E3-ubiquitin ligase. Efficient degradation of DeltaNp63alpha by Fbw7 (also known as FBXW7) requires GSK3 kinase activity. By deletion and point mutations analysis we have identified a phosphodegron located in the alpha and beta tail of p63 that is required for degradation. Furthermore, we show that MDM2 or Fbw7 depletion inhibits degradation of endogenous DeltaNp63alpha in cells exposed to UV irradiation, adriamycin and upon keratinocyte differentiation. Our findings suggest that following DNA damage and cellular differentiation MDM2 and Fbw7 can cooperate to regulate the levels of the pro-proliferative DeltaNp63alpha protein.
DNA damage; Fbw7; MDM2; p63
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/170147
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